GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease is a chronic health problem where the contents of your stomach get into the food pipe. It is caused by the failure of the muscle closure between the stomach and esophagus. This condition is also known as acid reflux, but if it occurs twice a week, it means that you are suffering from the disease.
Causes of GERD or Acid Reflux
Basically, it is caused by weak or poorly functioning muscles between the stomach and esophagus. External reasons that may also contribute to this situation are as follows:
*Smoking, *Prolonged fasting, *Regular consumption of spicy foods, *Eating red meat often, *Excess stress, *Medications, *Severe infections,
Signs and Symptoms of Acid Reflux
*Epigastric pain, *Nausea, *Heartburn, *Dyspepsia, *Regurgitation, *Sour or bitter taste at the back of the mouth, *Difficulty in swallowing.
Foods to avoid for GERD
If you suffer from acid reflux, there are some types of food that should be strictly avoided. They can trigger the condition and make it worse. The foods that should be avoided are given below:
*Coffee, *Citrus fruits,*Tomato, *Chocolates, *Carbonated beverages, *Garlic, *Peppermint, *Garlic onion, *Spicy foods.
Lifestyle changes for Acid Reflux
Since leading a healthy lifestyle is the key to addressing the chronic issues of GERD, you can choose a healthy and well-organized eating habit to live well. Read below to know this:
1- Maintain a healthy weight.
2- Add protein to your diet for every meal and breakfast. To increase protein content you may have milk, white meat, eggs.
3- Avoid foods that are rich in fat and do not eat any fried and spicy food. All these will increase the inflammation in your inflamed esophagus.
4- Planned 3 small meals and 3 breakfasts evenly for the entire day as you need to avoid extra hunger and more food.
5- For good digestion, do not forget to chew food slowly and properly.
6- It is good to avoid foods or drinks that contain caffeine as they can increase inflammation. So avoid tea, coffee, cola drinks and decaf. They produce gastric acid and therefore should be avoided.
7- Try to include apples, onions and celery in your meal plans. They have flavonoids which h. Will prevent the development of pylori which is necessary to correct the GERD condition.
8- Avoid eating within 3 hours of your bedtime. Do not indulge in any kind of bed time snacks as they cause gastric acid secretion at night.
9- Sit straight while eating and up to an hour after the meal. Do not lie down immediately after meals or do any kind of exercise.
10- Once you have food, do not wear any tight fitting clothes.
11- To be an antacid, just follow your prescription.
12- Drink plenty of water throughout the day.
13- Eating as much intestinal food as possible such as yogurt, buttermilk, etc. are natural probiotics that should be consumed regularly. These provide healthy bacteria in the intestine to promote the digestive process. They will also keep the bad bacteria count low.