According to the World Health Organization, around 422 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes. People are well aware of health disease, but few know the harm that can be done if it is not managed immediately. High blood sugar affects people with diabetes. Blood sugar levels rise when glucose builds up in the bloodstream. What we eat is broken down into glucose – the fuel needed by the body to function properly. An increase in glucose triggers your pancreas to release insulin into the bloodstream. Without insulin, glucose goes nowhere and becomes more concentrated over time. Long term, it can be harmful to blood vessels, nerves and other organs.
If your blood sugar levels rise and they do not go down, this is a sign of a serious health problem that needs immediate attention. Blood sugar control is the center of all diabetes treatments. Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar is a major concern for people with diabetes. This usually occurs when the body is unable to use insulin, like it should. If hyperglycemia is left untreated, it may result in ketoacidosis (diabetic coma).
To manage your blood sugar and protect yourself from exposure, here are some of the earliest signs of high blood sugar that you should know about.
Early Signs of High Blood Sugar
People who have diabetes can track their blood sugar levels. But those who are unaware that they are suffering from diabetes, it is necessary to know the symptoms and get them checked as soon as possible.
1. Frequent Urination:
According to WebMD, an average person has to urinate 4-7 times a day, but people with high blood sugar frequently urinate. When your blood sugar is high, you urinate on an ongoing basis. This is when the kidneys are unable to process all the added sugar and use urine to get rid of it.
Feeling tired all the time? This may be another sign of high blood sugar. If you notice that you feel tired every time you eat (especially high carb food), you should check it out.
3. Increased Thirst:
You urinate more, you become dehydrated, which makes you thirsty and then you urinate some more – it is endless. This is not a general story-sign of hyperglycemia. But if it is accompanied by other signs, you should consult a doctor.
4. Blurred Vision:
When your blood sugar is high, you may also experience blurred vision. This is one of those early signs that indicate that you do not have enough insulin to break down glucose. This happens when excess sugar and water get trapped in the middle of the eye, which causes a blurring effect.
Headaches can be a sign of a lot of problems that may not be as severe as hyperglycemia or diabetes. But if you experience it often, you must get it checked, especially if it is coupled with other symptoms.
6. Recurrent Infections:
According to the CDC, elevated blood sugar levels weaken the body’s immune response, making it harder for the body to fight infection. So, people who suffer from high blood sugar levels may experience frequent and severe infections.
If you experience any of the above symptoms, you should visit a professional doctor as soon as possible to avoid complications. Treatment may vary from person to person. It will consist mostly of medicines and a healthy lifestyle.
If you have high blood sugar, you may be diagnosed with prediabetes, type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes depending on the severity of symptoms.